America the Great
Globalization symbolizes the transition from a bipolar world (Cold War) to a unipolar world. All nations, cultures and economies interact with one another in a common market that promotes technology, free flow of information and free trade. Globalization has indeed revolutionized human history, but is it profitable to all? — The answer is no. It has only been created in the image of the world’s most powerful country which is the USA and its capitalism. Therefore, only rich countries benefit from it, and that is threatening world’s peace. Globalization somehow failed its goal.
It is undeniable that globalization reached almost all nations from all over the world, but in a different way for each country. For European countries, it is just the expansion of the Bretton Woods Agreement, in 1944, which consisted of the acknowledgement of the USD and gold as the universal currencies for foreign exchange. But for third world countries, it is completely a new system. Some of them were able to achieve their economic take-off, so they could play freely in the international common market and align with the rich countries. But others are still at their lowest in terms of economy because their currencies cannot compete with the USD. However, some new currencies emerged and now can compete with the USD, for instance the Euro and the Sterling pound. But somehow, those currencies only belong to rich countries, why? — The answer is quite simple: only those who follow the American model, which is capitalism can thrive in the free trade and globalization. Besides, the US owns 1/3 of the World Bank, so it is likely that Americans control the world’s banking system. In addition to that, the USA is the most affluent member of the United Nations which is the main tool to spread Globalization, but why? — We may think that every country is equal in the UN, but that is not the case. Only the rich ones possess the “veto power.” This makes us wonder if the UN is equitable in terms of government or if it is just the “wolf in sheep’s clothing”. Is the UN, within the rich countries in power, a form of neocolonialism?
Speaking of culture, English is the most international language although Spanish and Chinese users are greater in number. Moreover, American culture is the most popular. The proof is the media which promote highly American culture through music, movies, brands and so on. For example, Coca-Cola, which is an American brand, is the world’s most popular beverage. Besides, almost everyone wants to follow the “American dream.” The evidence is shown by the illegal immigrants who enter the US in hope for a better life. In terms of IT, America is number one. The internet is an American creation so are Facebook, twitter, Instagram, YouTube and other most popular websites. The car is an American creation especially the brands Ford and Chevrolet which are considered as the best and among the most popular brands all over the world. Indeed, America is now a post-industrial country which explains the recent and rapid spread of the MADE IN CHINA, but the MADE IN US still holds its place and quality. Therefore, American culture is the main component of Globalization. Nevertheless, globalization is spread too quickly, especially for those from the third world. They did not have time to readjust their economy which has been destroyed by the bipolar world (the world during Cold War: USA vs SSRU) or WWII or other factors, and then comes the New World Order (Global capitalism: unrestricted trade, investment flows, and the international activities of multinational firms that will benefit rich and poor alike) that is very expensive to follow. This is explained by the IT and other technical or technological revolutions which are unaffordable. Consequently, those countries are becoming poorer and poorer. The worst, they become acculturated because of the massive spread of American culture. For instance, young Indians tend to leave their traditional way of clothing for the American way of clothing. This shows that globalization is destroying other countries’ traditional values.
Speaking of disagreement, the alter-globalization movement was created to fight against the inequality and the negative impacts generated by Globalization. Some extreme alter-globalists even claim that the US is the empire of evil, therefore, it has to be destroyed. Throughout the years, America has made many enemies such as Iran and North Korea because of the New World Order. But that is not the real problem. The real problem is that America has become the main target for terrorists. But why? — There are groups who don’t want to adhere with Globalization because it is destroying who they are, or they also want to impose their culture, for instance the extremist Jihadists. The major evidence of that is September 11, 2001 which has marked not only American history but also the history of the western world. Since then, America and its followers (capitalists such as the western European countries) have faced many attacks of this kind. Otherwise, violence seems to appear in the third world because the young generations want to adhere with Globalization contrary to the conservatives which leads to civil wars like in Mali in 2012. In some way, Globalization hasn’t made the world more interconnected, but rather the contrary, it has divided it more than ever.
Globalization is America’s New World Order. It gives power to the rich ones to dominate the poor ones. It is neocolonialism in disguise. But, it still can be changed. Our American best values are still there. We can still thrive, especially us, the young generation, to make this world a better place. But for that, we have to change the rules, we have to make Globalization profitable to all. Once achieved, all ideological conflicts, acts of terror and wars will cease. We are too focused on problems that have no reason to be so that we have forgotten what really matters which are our global issues. The world should face them in a united front, not divided, to solve them efficiently. But the question remains, are we ready to move on?